Gross Motor Skills

The 1st Year

Gross motor refers to development involving major body parts, such as the legs, arms, shoulders, head and neck.

In the first year of development, babies learn to move and interact with the environment. They do this by rolling, creeping, crawling and eventually, walking. 

During this time, babies seek to master the control of their body as they learn to attain and maintain the functional positions of sitting and standing.

 The 2nd Year

Baby is now a toddler and will learn to run. Your toddler will also learn to go up and down staircases, and will enjoy jumping off the bottom step of the staircase. You should also be able to observe your toddler avoiding obstacles while walking, running, or riding a tricycle.

In the second year, Toddler will have greater control of his or her body and will learn more difficult movements such as throwing and kicking a ball. 

The 3rd Year 

In the third year, your toddler will begin to learn to control the speed and direction of his or her movement and be able to move successfully and safely through most of the obstacles familiar daily environments.

Toddler’s body continues to learn about balance and more advanced gross motor skills. For instance, Toddler will learn to walk backwards, jump sideways and hop on either foot.

The 4th Year 

In the fourth year, your child will often be a bundle of energy and will engage in enjoyable athletic activities such as running, jumping and climbing.

You can expect your chld to start walking up and down stairs with one foot per step, stand on one foot momentarily and perform a few hops on the preferred foot. Skills requiring more advanced planning and coordination such as forward gallops and side gallops are also emerging.

 The 5th Year 

At 5 years old, with improving hand-eye coordination, your child will learn to throw and catch smaller balls more accurately. So it is time for your child to participate in more formal sporting activities!

Your child’s physical skills will become more controlled and accurate and balance will continue to improve. This is the time that your child learn to broad jump, skip, balance on one leg and hop on the preferred leg. 

The 6th Year 

In the sixth year, your child would have attained most foundation movement patterns like balancing on one leg, hopping, jumping, galloping and skipping.

Eye-hand coordination should have sharpened, and your child should be able to as he now throw and catch a tennis ball in one hand.

At this time, see that your child consciously challenge himself or herself physically by climbing, crawling over and under things, or dancing about the room. Supervise your child, and encourage your child to try activities exceeding his or her abilities.